Think And Do

Yoga Glossary

Ahamkar Ego - individual self
Ahimsa Non-violence (Yama)
Akasha Space/sky - one of the five elements
Ananda State of bliss
Ananta Without end
Apana Negative energy (moves downward)
Aparigraha Non-possessiveness (Yama)
Asana >Physical postures
Asat Anything unreal or untrue
Astanga Eight limbs
Asteya Non-stealing (Yama)
Atman Spirit that lies within; source of true inner balance
Artha Natural pursuit of wealth
Ayama To master
Avidya Incorrect knowledge; mis-understanding
Bandha To bind or lock
Bhagavad Gita A part of the classic Mahabharata - Krishna teaches Yoga to Arjuna
Bhakti Yoga Yoga of Devotion - Power of Love
Bhastrika Pranayama Bellows breathing - alternate nostril
Brahmacharya Moderation (Yama)
Brahman Consciousness
Bhutas Elements - Space, Air, Light, Water, Earth
Buddha The Awakened One - lived and taught in North India approximately 600 BCE
Buddhi Intellect -Responsive - reacts to outside impressions
Chi Life-force, energy
Chitt The mind
Deva Devine being
Dharana State of mind where it is focused on only one point
Dharma Alignment with what is right by universal laws
Dhyana Meditation
Gunas 3 Qualities of the mind
Ida Nadi Nadi on one side of spinal cord - ends at left nostril
Ishwara-Pranidhana Awareness of Divine - surrender and offer all actions to the Divine
Isvara God or Lord
Japa Repetition of a mantra
Jiva Individual; self
Jnana Yoga Yoga of Wisdom - self-realization
Kaivalya Ultimate state of Yoga
Kama Natural pursuit of pleasure
Kapalabhati Pranayama Bellows breathing
Karma Results of actions
Karma Yoga Yoga of Action - Purifies heart
Kriya Yoga Body purifications
Ksipta Agitated mind
Kundalini Union of Prana and Apana
Mahat Great principle
Manas Sensory -the part of us which gathers impressions from the outside world
Mantra Sacred sound
Moksha Liberation
Maya Illusion
Mudha Dull mind-state
Mudra Symbol
Mulabhanda Base of torso - perineal floor
Nada Sound
Nadis Body channels where Prana flows
Nadi Sodhana Pranayama Alternate nostril breathing
Nidra Sleep
Nirodha Mind-state where the mind focuses on one thing
Nirvana Spiritual liberation
Niyama Observances
Disciplines dealing with self (Saucha, Tapas, Santosha, Ishwara-Pranidhana, Swadhyaya)
Pingala Nadi Nadi on one side of spinal cord - ends at right nostril
Prakriti Elemental stuff found in all the universe
Pramana Right perception
Prana Life-force, energy (moves upward)
Pranayama Controlled, regulated breathing techniques
Pratyahara Withdrawal of the senses
Purusha Spirit - source of consciousness
Literally "Godhead that dwells within the body"
Rajas One of the 3 Gunas - energy/activity
Raja Yoga Yoga of Physical and Mental Control
Sadhana Practice
Sakti Power
Samadhi Meditative state in which only the object being meditated on is in our awareness
Samsara Cycle of birth and death
Samskara Habitual movement of the mind
Sankhya Theory / Philosophical system
Santosha Contentment
Sattva One of the 3 Gunas - Harmony/equilibrium
Satvada The idea that everything that we see and experience is not illusion but real
Satya Truthfulness (Yama)
Saucha Purity, cleanliness (Niyama)
Shakti Female - dynamic energy
Shraddha Faith
Siddhi Power that is given
Siva Male - passive energy
Sodhana Purification
Sthira Alertness
Sushumna Nadi Central Nadi running through the spinal cord
Swadhyaya Education - Study of sacred texts
Tamas One of the 3 Gunas - Inertia
Tanu Mild
Tapas Austerity
Trataka Gazing at an object to promote meditation
Udana-Vayu Aspect of Prana which is responsible for upward movement and energy
Ujjayi Pranayama Breathing technique which uses the back of the throat
(whisper breath, ocean breath)
Vairagya Detachment
Vayu Air, breath
Vedas Hindu scriptures
Vidya High level of knowledge
Viparya False perception
Yama Restraints - Disciplines dealing with others
(Ahimsa, Asteyam, Aparigraha, Satya, Brahmacharya)
Yoga Sutra Classic Yoga text created by Patanjali
Yogi Practitioner of Yoga